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Article
Population and Social Biology of Free-Ranging Dogs, Canis familiaris
Ecology, Habitat, and Land Management
  • Thomas J. Daniels, University of Colorado
  • Marc Bekoff, University of Colorado
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
11-27-1989
Abstract
Population size and density, age structure, survivorship patterns, sex ratios, social organization of urban, rural, and feral dog (Canis familiaris) populations were examined in Cd. Juarez, Mexico (urban site) and on the Navajo reservation (rural and wild sites) between June 1983 and December 1984. Urban and rural dogs were less social than expected whereas dogs characteristically lived in packs. Seasonal variation in the structure of feral dog packs influenced by reproduction, both directly (pups born into the pack) and indirectly (pregnant females may temporarily emigrate form the pack to give birth).
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Citation Information
Daniels, T. J., & Bekoff, M. (1989). Population and social biology of free-ranging dogs, Canis familiaris. Journal of Mammalogy, 70(4), 754-762.