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Article
Labor Turnover Costs and the Behavior of Vacancies and Unemployment
Macroeconomic Dynamics (2009)
  • José Ignacio Silva, Universitat de Girona
  • Manuel Toledo, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Abstract

This paper extends the Diamond-Mortensen-Pissarides (DMP) matching model with endogenous job destruction by introducing postmatch labor turnover costs. We consider training and separation costs that create heterogeneity among workers. In particular, there are two types of employed workers: (i) new entrants who need training in order to become fully productive, and (ii) incumbents who are fully productive and whose departure from the firm imposes costs on it. We find that our calibrated model, relative to the standard DMP model, comes closer to the data regarding the volatility of vacancies and unemployment without introducing unrealistic sensitivity to policy changes. Moreover, our extended model nearly reproduces the downward-sloping Beveridge curve, which is unusual when endogenous job destruction exists in this type of model.

Keywords
  • Labor Markets,
  • Search,
  • Matching,
  • Turnover costs,
  • Business Cycles.
Publication Date
2009
Citation Information
José Ignacio Silva and Manuel Toledo. "Labor Turnover Costs and the Behavior of Vacancies and Unemployment" Macroeconomic Dynamics Vol. 13 Iss. supplement S1 (2009)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/manueltoledo/3/