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Optimal estimation for global ground-level fine particulate matter concentrations
Papers in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Aaron van Donkelaar, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Randall V. Martin, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
  • Robert J. D. Spurr, RT Solutions Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Eason Drury, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden,
  • Lorraine A. Remer, University of Maryland
  • Robert C. Levy, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Lanham,
  • Jun Wang, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Date of this Version
1-1-2013
Disciplines
Citation

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: ATMOSPHERES, VOL. 118, 5621–5636, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50479, 2013

Comments

This article is a U.S. government work, and is not subject to copyright in the United States.

Abstract

We develop an optimal estimation (OE) algorithm based on top-of-atmosphere reflectances observed by the MODIS satellite instrument to retrieve near-surface fine particulatematter (PM2.5). The GEOS-Chem chemical transport model is used to provide prior information for the Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) retrieval and to relate total column AOD to PM2.5. We adjust the shape of the GEOS-Chem relative vertical extinction profiles by comparison with lidar retrievals from the CALIOP satellite instrument. Surface reflectance relationships used in the OE algorithm are indexed by land type. Error quantities needed for this OE algorithm are inferred by comparison with AOD observations taken by a worldwide network of sun photometers (AERONET) and extended globally based upon aerosol speciation and cross correlation for simulated values, and upon land type for observational values. Significant agreement in PM2.5 is found over North America for 2005 (slope = 0.89; r = 0.82; 1 error = 1 µmg/m3 + 27%), with improved coverage and correlation relative to previous work for the same region and time period, although certain subregions, such as the San Joaquin Valley of California are better represented by previous estimates. Independently derived error estimates of the OE PM2.5 values at in situ locations over North America (of ±(2.5 µmg/m3 + 31%) and Europe of ±(3.5 µmg/m3 + 30%) are corroborated by comparison with in situ observations, although globally (error estimates of ±(3.0 µmg/m3 + 35%), may be underestimated. Global population-weighted PM2.5 at 50% relative humidity is estimated as 27.8 µmg/m3 at 0.1◦ x 0.1◦ resolution.

Citation Information
Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V. Martin, Robert J. D. Spurr, Eason Drury, et al.. "Optimal estimation for global ground-level fine particulate matter concentrations" (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mallorca/179/