Systematic studies of the administration of justice in the United States have stressed either the rational-goal model or the functional-systems model. The former model emphasizes problems with the justice system's formal rules of operation and appears to be the dominant view of appellate judges, lawyers, and law students, while the latter model is concerned with the identification and adaptation of action to the environment and the interests of action within the system.
Two Models of the Criminal Justice System: An Organizational PerspectiveLaw & Society Review
Citation InformationTwo Models of the Criminal Justice System: An Organizational Perspective, 7 Law & Soc'y Rev. 407 (1972)