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Article
Evolution of Electromechanical and Morphological Properties of Piezoelectric Thin Films with Thermomechanical Processing
Polymer (2016)
  • Zhe Xu, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Mahmoud Baniasadi, Georgia Southern University
  • Salvador Moreno, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Jizhe Cai, Texas A&M University
  • Mohammad Naraghi, Texas A&M University
  • Majid Minary-Jolandan, University of Texas at Dallas
Abstract
Piezoelectric polymers (PVDF and its co-polymers) in film and nanofiber forms are increasingly used for sensing, actuation and energy harvesting. Given the semi-crystalline structure of these polymers, their electromechanical coupling behavior changes with thermomechanical processing. This article reports on the evolution of the mechanical properties, piezoelectric properties and morphology of P(VDF-TrFE) poly[(vinylidenefluoride)-co-trifluoroethylene] piezoelectric polymer thin films fabricated by spin-coating during thermal annealing and drawing, studied via tensile test, polarized optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, polarized FTIR, and piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM). The results show that annealing and drawing process result in ∼10 and 13 folds improvement in the elastic modulus and strength of the films, respectively. In addition, the piezoelectric constant and electromechanical coupling improves by 30% and more than 17 times, respectively. These changes are accompanied by 65% increase in the percentage of the crystallinity of the semi-crystalline piezoelectric films, compared to the as-fabricated films.
Keywords
  • Multifunctional materials,
  • Piezoelectric films,
  • Piezoelectric polymer,
  • P(VDF-TrFE),
  • Mechanical properties,
  • Piezoelectric properties,
  • Processing,
  • Annealing,
  • Drawing
Disciplines
Publication Date
December 5, 2016
DOI
10.1016/j.polymer.2016.10.055
Citation Information
Zhe Xu, Mahmoud Baniasadi, Salvador Moreno, Jizhe Cai, et al.. "Evolution of Electromechanical and Morphological Properties of Piezoelectric Thin Films with Thermomechanical Processing" Polymer Vol. 106 (2016) p. 62 - 71 ISSN: 0032-3861
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mahmoud-baniasadi/10/