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Presentation
Population Genetic Structure Of A Coral Reef Ecosystem Apex Predator, The Gray Reef Shark (Carcharhinus Amblyrhynchos)
Oceanography Faculty Proceedings, Presentations, Speeches, Lectures
  • Rebekah L. Horn, Nova Southeastern University
  • William Robbins, NSW Department of Primary Industries - Bangladesh
  • Douglas McCauley, Stanford University
  • Philip Lobel, Bostin University
  • Mahmood S. Shivji, Nova Southeastern University
Event Name/Location
11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Fort Lauderdale, FL, July 7-11, 2008
Document Type
Conference Proceeding
Publication Date
7-1-2008
Abstract
Sharks play a major functional role as apex predators in coral reef ecosystems, raising concerns that their ongoing overexploitation will compromise the integrity and sustainability of reefs. The gray reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) is a strongly coral reef associated species whose populations are known to have declined substantially in some regions. There is no information on population structure in this species to aid in their management and conservation. We are assessing genetic structure in this species by using entire mitochondrial control region sequences and 15 nuclear microsatellite loci as markers. 93 gray reef shark samples were obtained from across the species’ Indo-Pacific distribution (eastern Indian Ocean [Madagascar/Seychelles], Central Pacific [Hawaii], Southwestern Pacific (eastern Australia, Palmyra, Palau, Cocos (Keeling) Islands]). Mitochondrial (AMOVA) and microsatellite (STRUCTURE) data concordantly identify the Hawaii population as a distinct genetic group relative to other sampling locations. The microsatellite data further identify 3 distinct overall gray reef shark groups (eastern Indian Ocean, Central Pacific, and Southwestern Pacific). Our current analyses do not show any evidence of population structure among islands of the Southwestern Pacific, although this question is being further addressed with additional samples from more locations. These results show strong genetic differentiation exists in gray reef shark populations separated by expanses of open ocean, and suggest proper management of this declining species will have to occur at the very least on a regional geographic scale.
ORCID ID
G-4080-2013
Citation Information
Rebekah L. Horn, William Robbins, Douglas McCauley, Philip Lobel, et al.. "Population Genetic Structure Of A Coral Reef Ecosystem Apex Predator, The Gray Reef Shark (Carcharhinus Amblyrhynchos)" (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mahmood-shivji/91/