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Article
Applying Genetic Techniques to Study Remote Shark Fisheries in Northeastern Madagascar
Mitochondrial DNA: The Journal of DNA Mapping, Sequencing & Analysis
  • Phaedra Doukakis, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California
  • Robert Hanner, University of Guelph
  • Mahmood S. Shivji, Nova Southeastern University
  • Cecilia Bartholomew, American Museum of Natural History, New York
  • Demian D. Chapman, Stony Brook University
  • Eugene Wong, University of Guelph
  • George Amato, American Museum of Natural History, New York
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-1-2011
Keywords
  • COI,
  • Conservation,
  • ITS2,
  • Shark fins,
  • Species identification,
  • Shark fisheries,
  • Endangered species,
  • Fish tagging,
  • Wildlife conservation
Peer Reviewed
1
Abstract

Background and aims. The shark fisheries of Madagascar remain largely unstudied. Remoteness makes fisheries monitoring challenging while the high value of shark fins combined with the extreme poverty in Madagascar creates intensive pressure on shark resources.

Materials and methods. We use DNA barcoding and species-specific PCR assays to characterize shark fisheries in Antongil Bay in northeastern Madagascar.

Results. The 239 samples taken from individuals collected in 2001 and 2002 correspond to 19 species. The four most common species were Sphyrna lewini, Rhizoprionodon acutus, Carcharhinus brevipinna, and C. sorrah. Antongil Bay may be a breeding area for C. brevipinna, C. leucas, and S. lewini.

Conclusion. Local names are generally not a useful proxy for monitoring the species harvested in the fishery. Conservation efforts should characterize species exploitation at present, create spatial and temporal fishing restrictions to protect endangered species, and restrict large mesh gillnets.

ResearcherID
G-4080-2013
DOI
10.3109/19401736.2010.526112
Citation Information
Phaedra Doukakis, Robert Hanner, Mahmood S. Shivji, Cecilia Bartholomew, et al.. "Applying Genetic Techniques to Study Remote Shark Fisheries in Northeastern Madagascar" Mitochondrial DNA: The Journal of DNA Mapping, Sequencing & Analysis Vol. 22 Iss. 5/6 (2011) p. 15 - 20 ISSN: 1940-1736
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mahmood-shivji/8/