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Article
From Undemocratic to Democratic Civil Society: Japan's Volunteer Fire Departments
Journal of Asian Studies (2010)
  • Mary Alice Haddad, Wesleyan University
Abstract
How do undemocratic civic organizations become compatible with democratic civil society? How do local organizations merge older patriarchal, hierarchical values and practices with newer more egalitarian, democratic ones? This article tells the story of how volunteer fire departments have done this in Japan. Their transformation from centralized war instrument of an authoritarian regime to local community safety organization of a full-fledged democracy did not happen overnight. A slow process of demographic and value changes helped the organization adjust to more democratic social values and practices. The way in which this organization made the transition offers important lessons for emerging democracies around the world.
Keywords
  • Japan,
  • civil society,
  • democracy,
  • democratization,
  • values,
  • firefighting,
  • fire departments,
  • volunteering
Publication Date
Winter February, 2010
Citation Information
Mary Alice Haddad. "From Undemocratic to Democratic Civil Society: Japan's Volunteer Fire Departments" Journal of Asian Studies Vol. 69 Iss. 1 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mahaddad/1/