Skip to main content
Article
Acute and chronic cadmium exposure promotes E-cadherin degradation in MCF7 breast cancer cells
Molecular Carcinogenesis (2015)
  • Esmeralda Ponce, Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Dominican University of California
  • Maggie Louie, Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Dominican University of California
  • Mary B. Sevigny, Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Dominican University of California
Abstract
Cadmium is an environmental carcinogen that usually enters the body at minute concentrations through diet or cigarette smoke and bioaccumulates in soft tissues. In past studies, cadmium has been shown to contribute to the development of more aggressive cancer phenotypes including increased cell migration and invasion. This study aims to determine if cadmium exposure-both acute and chronic-contributes to breast cancer progression by interfering with the normal functional relationship between E-cadherin and β-catenin. An MCF7 breast cancer cell line (MCF7-Cd) chronically exposed to 10(-7)  M CdCl2 was previously developed and used as a model system to study chronic exposures, whereas parental MCF7 cells exposed to 10(-6)  M CdCl2 for short periods of time were used to study acute exposures. Cadmium exposure of MCF7 cells led to the degradation of the E-cadherin protein via the ubiquitination pathway. This resulted in fewer E-cadherin/β-catenin complexes and the relocation of active β-catenin to the nucleus, where it interacted with transcription factor TCF-4 to modulate gene expression. Interestingly, only cells chronically exposed to cadmium showed a significant decrease in the localization of β-catenin to the plasma membrane and an increased distance between cells. Our data suggest that cadmium exposure promotes breast cancer progression by (1) down-regulating E-cadherin, thus decreasing the number of E-cadherin/β-catenin adhesion complexes, and (2) enhancing the nuclear translocation of β-catenin to increase expression of cancer-promoting proteins (i.e., c-Jun and cyclin D1).
Keywords
  • cadmium,
  • breast cancer,
  • E-cadherin,
  • β-catenin
Disciplines
Publication Date
October, 2015
Citation Information
Esmeralda Ponce, Maggie Louie and Mary B. Sevigny. "Acute and chronic cadmium exposure promotes E-cadherin degradation in MCF7 breast cancer cells" Molecular Carcinogenesis Vol. 54 Iss. 10 (2015) p. 1014 - 1025 ISSN: 0899-1987
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/maggie_louie/16/