This article discusses the emergence of necessity and proportionality principles in WTO law. It is argued that a structured proportionality test has a useful role to play in the WTO system. The article analyses the case law of the WTO Appellate Body on the background of a comparative study of the EU, ECHR and different national jurisdictions.
- WTO. EU,
- role of courts,
- legal principles
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mads_andenas/4/