Skip to main content
Article
Association between female infertility and agricultural work history
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
  • L. Fuortes
  • M. Kathleen Clark, University of Iowa
  • H. L. Kirchner
  • E. M. Smith
Document Type
Article
Peer Reviewed
1
Publication Date
1-1-1997
NLM Title Abbreviation
Am J Ind Med
PubMed ID
9093660
Abstract

Lifetime industrial and occupational histories of women with a medically-confirmed diagnosis of infertility (n = 281) were compared to a group of postpartum women (n = 216) for risks of infertility. Controlling for age of first pregnancy or self-report of infertility, date of outcome, cigarette use, and employment in other types of industries, women were at increased risk of infertility if they had worked in industries associated with agriculture (OR = 7.0, 95% CI 2.3-20.8; cases = 11.7%, controls = 1.9%). Among the occupations in which women worked prior to outcome, only those in agriculture were at significantly elevated risk (adj. OR = 11.3, CI 2.6-48.8; cases = 10.0%, controls = 0.9%). Among those who resided on a farm, the risk of infertility was significantly increased (adj. OR = 1.8, CI 1.2-2.7; cases 37.4%, controls = 25.8%) although yearly duration of farm residence was not (adj. OR = 0.99, CI 0.95-1.03). Farm residence did not alter the OR seen in agricultural industries or occupations. The risk of being diagnosed with an ovulatory or tubal factor increased 4-16-fold among those who had worked in agricultural industries or occupations. These data suggest that, as has been established in men, agriculturally-related exposures may be a significant risk for infertility in women. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Published Article/Book Citation
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 31:4 (1997) pp.445-451.
Disciplines
Citation Information
L. Fuortes, M. Kathleen Clark, H. L. Kirchner and E. M. Smith. "Association between female infertility and agricultural work history" American Journal of Industrial Medicine Vol. 31 Iss. 4 (1997) p. 445 - 451 ISSN: 0271-3586
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/m_clark/24/