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Article
“El Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas anula el Acuerdo entre la Comunidad Europea y los EE. UU. para la transmisión de los datos sobre los pasajeros por las compañías aéreas”
Revista española de Derecho Europeo (2006)
  • Luis González Vaqué
Abstract

Decision 2004/535 on the adequate protection of personal data contained in the Passenger Name Record of air passengers transferred to the United States Bureau of Customs and Border Protection relates to personal-data processing operations concerning public security and the activities of the State in areas of criminal law, operations which are excluded from the scope of Directive 95/46 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, by virtue of the first indent of Article 3(2) of that directive.

The fact that the personal data are collected by private operators for commercial purposes and it is they who arrange for their transfer to a third country does not alter such a conclusion, inasmuch as their transfer falls within a framework established by the public authorities that relates to public security, and is not necessary for the supply of services by those operators.

Decision 2004/496 on the conclusion of an Agreement between the European Community and the United States of America on the processing and transfer of PNR (Passenger Name Record) data by Air Carriers to the United States Department of Homeland Security, Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, cannot have been validly adopted on the basis of Article 95 EC, read in conjunction with Article 25 of Directive 95/46 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data.

The agreement relates to data processing operations which, since they concern public security and the activities of the State in areas of criminal law, are excluded from the scope of Directive 95/46 by virtue of the first indent of Article 3(2) of that directive.

Keywords
  • Protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data,
  • Air transport,
  • Decision 2004/496/EC,
  • Agreement between the European Community and the United States of America,
  • Passenger Name Records of air passengers transferred to the United States Bureau of Customs and Border Protection,
  • Directive 95/46/EC,
  • Decision 2004/535/EC
Publication Date
2006
Citation Information
Luis González Vaqué. "“El Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas anula el Acuerdo entre la Comunidad Europea y los EE. UU. para la transmisión de los datos sobre los pasajeros por las compañías aéreas”" Revista española de Derecho Europeo Iss. No. 20 (2006)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/luis_gonzalez_vaque/96/