Potential female donors frequently ask whether unilateral nephrectomy will impair future childbearing capabilities. To address this question, we surveyed 220 women who underwent donor nephrectomy between 1985 and 1992. Of the 144 women who responded, 33 became pregnant after donation for a total of 45 pregnancies. Seventy-five percent of the pregnancies were carried to term without difficulty. Complications incurred during gestation included miscarriage (13.3%), preeclampsia (4.4%), gestational hypertension(4.4%), proteinuria (4.4%), and tubal pregnancy (2.2%). Four of the 45 pregnancies (excluding miscarriages) required preterm hospitalization, resulting in an overall morbidity of 8.8%. There were no pregnancy-related deaths, and no fetal abnormalities were reported. Problems with persistent hypertension, proteinuria, or changes in renal function were not noted. None of the above complications exceeded what has been noted for the general population. Infertility was a problem in 8.3% (3/36) of our respondents, compared with a worldwide incidence of 16.7%. Based on these results, we conclude that donor nephrectomy is not detrimental to the prenatal course or outcome of future pregnancies.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/lucile_wrenshall/4/