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Article
Body Mass Bias in a Competition of Muscle Strength and Aerobic Power
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
  • Paul M. Vanderburgh, University of Dayton
  • Lloyd L. Laubach, University of Dayton
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
3-1-2008
Abstract
Recently, a fitness competition called the Pump and Run (PR) has been popularized. Composed of 2 events, a 5-km road race time (RT) in seconds and a maximal-repetition bench press (BPR) with resistance based on a percentage of body mass (M), the final score (RTadj) equals RT - 30(BPR). From published findings, the authors hypothesized that the PR would impose a bias against heavier competitors. Furthermore, the potential for age bias in this event has not been evaluated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate M and age bias in the PR for men and women. For 74 female and 343 male competitors in a large PR event, RT, BPR, M, and age were collected from official competition results. Two subsamples were randomly created from the original sample: the validation (VAL) (54 women and 258 men) and the cross-validation (CVAL) (20 women and 85 men). For the VAL sample, the RTadj showed significant bias against heavier runners (women r2 = 0.35; men r2 = 0.28;P < 0.01 for both) but no age bias (women r2 = 0.04; men r2 = 0.005; P > 0.05 for both). Using allometric modeling, the authors developed a set of M-based correction factors to be multiplied by each RTadj to yield new adjusted run times (NRTadj) that would be free of M bias. As applied to the CVAL sample, the NRTadj values virtually eliminated the M bias (women r2 = 0.04; men r2 = 0.002; P > 0.05 for both) of the current PR scoring system and retained the absence of age bias (women r2 = 0.02; men r2 = 0.0002; P > 0.05 for both). The authors recommend the use of the NRTadj scores for future PR competitions.
Inclusive pages
375-382
ISBN/ISSN
1064-8011
Document Version
Postprint
Comments

This is the authors' accepted manuscript of the article, which later appeared in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. The version of record may contain minor differences that have come about in the copy editing and layout processes. Any use of research in this article must be properly attributed. View the version of record online.

Publisher
National Strength and Conditioning Association
Peer Reviewed
Yes
Citation Information
Paul M. Vanderburgh and Lloyd L. Laubach. "Body Mass Bias in a Competition of Muscle Strength and Aerobic Power" Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research Vol. 22 Iss. 2 (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/lloyd_laubach/5/