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Article
Quits and Job Changes among homecare workers in Maine
The Gerontologist (2009)
  • Lisa Morris, University of Southern Maine
Abstract
Purpose: Figuring out how to make home care jobs more attractive has become a top policy priority. This study investigates the impact of wages, hours, and benefits on the retention of home care workers. Design and Methods: Using a 2-wave survey design and a sample of home care workers from Maine, the factors associated with turnover intentions, actual turnover, and job-to-job transitions are examined. The analysis uses actual data on
hours, wages, and benefits at current and subsequent jobs and controls for perceived rewards and work conditions, personal characteristics, and local labor market conditions. Results: Although the analysis
finds that improved work conditions and nonpecuniary rewards of home-based direct care work have significant negative effects on turnover intentions, compensation accounts for more actual job turnover. Higher wages, more hours, and travel cost reimbursement are found to be significantly associated with reduced turnover. Although wages and hours appear to have stronger effects, health benefits do appear to have some significance in predicting job-to-job transitions. Implication: Although improving compensation presents budgetary challenges
to home care agencies, for this low-income workforce, the ability to earn higher wages and work more hours may be more of an imperative than improved work conditions.
Keywords
  • Wages,
  • Turnover,
  • Analysis — regression models,
  • Long-term Care,
  • Workforce issues
Disciplines
Publication Date
October, 2009
Citation Information
Lisa Morris. "Quits and Job Changes among homecare workers in Maine" The Gerontologist Vol. 49 Iss. 5 (2009) p. 635 - 650
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/lisa_morris/3/