- governing of Hong Kong,
- Hong Kong under British rule,
- governing term,
- dichotomy between policy making and implementation
This essay attempts to make a systematic analysis of Hong Kong’s governance in the context of the governing system of the British Empire. It discusses the institutional arrangements and concrete operations of forming the core governing team in Hong Kong under the British rule,and explores the possible ways out of the current governance dilemma in Hong Kong. This essay highlights the dichotomy between policy making and implementation in the British colonial governance. Under such division of labour, officials from " Her( His) Majesty’s Overseas(Colonial) Civil Services" formed the core governing team in a colony and monopolized the policy making power, while the locally recruited and administered officials were responsible for policy execution. The essay details how the system of " Her( His) Majesty’s Overseas( Colonial)Civil Services" functioned, including their scale, promotion, transfers and selection, and illustrates the flexibility of the system in the case of a Hong Kong Governor(Murray MacLehose). It goes on to describe the dichotomy between the making and the implementation of policies in Hong Kong under the British rule, and points out that the local Chinese officials from the Administrative Service were excluded from the governing core. Hong Kong’s governing system has not been able to react effectively to the withdrawal of the British governing body, resulting in difficulties in governing after 1997. The essay ends with a discussion of the ways out of Hong Kong ’s current governing problems.
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