Skip to main content
Article
Isolation of Staphylococcus Schleiferi from Healthy Dogs and Dogs with Otitis, Pyoderma, or Both
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (2005)
  • Elizabeth R. May, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Keith A. Hnilica, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Linda Frank, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Rebekah D. Jones, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • David A. Bemis, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Abstract
Objective—To determine the frequency of isolation and susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus schleiferi from healthy dogs and dogs with otitis, pyoderma, or both that had or had not received antimicrobial treatment. Design—Prospective study. Animals—50 dogs. Procedure—Dogs were allocated to 1 of 4 groups: healthy dogs (n = 13), dogs without otitis but with pyoderma (10), dogs with otitis but without pyoderma (11), and dogs with otitis and pyoderma (16). Bacteriologic culture of ear swab specimens was performed in all dogs. Bacteriologic culture of skin swab specimens was also performed in dogs with concurrent pyoderma. Isolates were identified as S schleiferi subsp schleiferi or S schleiferi subsp coagulanson the basis of growth and biochemical characteristics. Results—S schleiferi was not isolated from any dogs with pyoderma only. Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp schleiferi was isolated from the ears of 2 healthy dogs, and the skin and ears of 2 dogs and the skin of 1 dog with otitis and pyoderma. Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp coagulans was isolated from the ears of 3 dogs with otitis only, and the ears of 6 dogs and the skin of 2 dogs with otitis and pyoderma. One of the S schleiferi subsp schleiferi isolates from ears, 2 of the S schleiferi subsp coagulansisolates from ears, and 1 of the S schleiferi subsp coagulansisolates from the skin were resistant to methicillin. One methicillin-resistant isolate from the ears and 1 from the skin were also resistant to fluoroquinolones. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—S schleiferi subsp schleiferiwas detected in healthy dogs and dogs with otitis and pyoderma. Methicillin-resistant and -susceptible S schleiferi subsp schleiferi and S schleiferi subsp coagulans were detected as the predominant organisms in dogs with otitis.
Publication Date
September 15, 2005
Citation Information
Elizabeth R. May, Keith A. Hnilica, Linda Frank, Rebekah D. Jones, et al.. "Isolation of Staphylococcus Schleiferi from Healthy Dogs and Dogs with Otitis, Pyoderma, or Both" Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Vol. 227 Iss. 6 (2005)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/linda_frank/24/