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Effectiveness of a Clinically Oriented Motivational Interviewing Training Program in Increasing Skills & Changing Perceptions
Osteopathic Family Physician (2017)
  • Laurie DiRosa
  • Adarsh Gupta
  • Samantha DiBonis
  • Leslie Spencer, Rowan University
Objective: This study assessed: 1) the effectiveness of a Motivational Interviewing (MI) training
program to improve the skills of family practice residents, and 2) resident and Standardized Patient’s
perception of the effectiveness of training and beliefs about MI in clinical practice.
Methods: Seventeen family practice residents completed training over two months, followed by two
months of reflection with peers and the researchers. Standardized Patient interactions were videotaped
at baseline, post-intervention, and 3 months later, and were independently assessed using the
Behavior Change Counseling Index (BECCI). Residents and Standardized Patients completed reflections
at the end of each interaction, and residents completed a post-training survey.
Results: Thirteen residents completed the intervention and assessments. Average BECCI scores
increased from 0.74 to 2.26, indicating positive change in residents. All residents demonstrated an
increase in knowledge and an increase in their perceived ability to use MI with patients.
Comments: Adding individualized feedback is needed to maintain skills and confidence among trainees.
Research on the effect of the use of MI on patient outcomes is also needed.
Conclusion: Incorporating MI training into a medical school curriculum is a potentially feasible, efficient
and effective way of improving patient outcomes related to lifestyle behaviors.
  • Motivational Interviewing,
  • Decision-Making,
  • Communication Skills,
  • Standardized Patients,
  • Health Promotion,
  • Continuity of Care Training
Publication Date
May, 2017
Citation Information
Laurie DiRosa, Adarsh Gupta, Samantha DiBonis and Leslie Spencer. "Effectiveness of a Clinically Oriented Motivational Interviewing Training Program in Increasing Skills & Changing Perceptions" Osteopathic Family Physician Vol. 9 Iss. 3 (2017) p. 10 - 17 ISSN: 1877-5773X
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