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Contribution to Book
Posttraumatic stress disorder following myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery
Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center Publications and Presentations
  • Leonard A. Doerfler, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • John A. Paraskos, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Date
1-1-2011
Document Type
Book Chapter
Medical Subject Headings
Anxiety; Comorbidity; Coronary Disease; Depression; Health Status Indicators; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Abstract
Although traumatic events, such as combat and physical or sexual assault, are most often associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995), a growing body of research indicates that PTSD can occur in individuals with a wide range of life-threatening illnesses (Buckley, Green, & Schnurr, 2004; Tedstone & Tarrier, 2003). The prevalence of PTSD for such medical conditions as myocardial infarction (MI), HIV, or cancer is lower than the prevalence associated with traumatic stressors such as combat or sexual assault, but PTSD can develop in a significant percentage of individuals who experience a life-threatening illness (Tedstone & Tarrier, 2003). In this chapter, we review research on the occurrence of PTSD in adults with cardiac disease. Investigators have been interested in this issue because, for some individuals, the onset of an acute cardiac event shares many features of traumatic events, such as combat or sexual assault. We begin by presenting a description of PTSD and then review research on its occurrence in adults with cardiac disease. This research focuses largely on individuals who have experienced an MI or undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). There have also been a few reports of PTSD in individuals who have survived cardiac arrest. We then examine findings regarding the course of PTSD and risk factors for its development, and we close with a discussion of future research directions and implications for clinical practice. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
Comments

Citation: Doerfler, L. A., & Paraskos, J. A. (2011). Posttraumatic stress disorder following myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery. In R. Allen & J. Fisher (Eds.) Heart & mind: The evolution of cardiac psychology (p. 249 – 268). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. DOI 10.1037/13086-010

Citation Information
Leonard A. Doerfler and John A. Paraskos. "Posttraumatic stress disorder following myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery" (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/leonard_doerfler/2/