Shoulder pain is a common complaint among clients with upper-extremity disorders. Pain may stem from an anatomical abnormality, an acute injury, overuse syndrome, a chronic disability or disorder, or the aging process. The occupational therapist is responsible for understanding the anatomy of the shoulder and for applying evidence-based practice to determine the evaluation and treatment approach that best facilitates a client's successful return to occupational performance.
Stricoff, R., Frost, L., DeRubeis, F. (2009). The shoulder simplified: a holistic approach within an evidence-based practice. American Occupational Therapy Association Physical Disabilities Specialty Interest Section Newsletter, 32(4), 1-4.