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Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications
Journal of Abnormal Psychology. (1991)
  • Lee A Clark
  • David Watson, University of Iowa

Reviews psychometric and other evidence relevant to mixed anxiety-depression. Properties of anxiety and depression measures, including the convergent and discriminant validity of self- and clinical ratings, and interrater reliability, are examined in patient and normal samples. Results suggest that anxiety and depression can be reliably and validly assessed; moreover, although these disorders share a substantial component of general affective distress, they can be differentiated on the basis of factors specific to each syndrome. L. A. Clark and D. Watson also review evidence for these specific factors, examining the influence of context and scale content on ratings, factor analytic studies, and the role of low positive affect in depression. With these data, Clark and Watson argue for a tripartite structure consisting of general distress, physiological hyperarousal (specific anxiety), and anhedonia (specific depression), and they propose a diagnosis of mixed anxiety-depression. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved

  • psychometrics & measurement of mixed anxiety & depression,
  • literature review
Publication Date
August, 1991
Citation Information
Lee A Clark and David Watson. "Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications" Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. 100 Iss. 3 (1991)
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