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Article
On Traits and Temperament: General and Specific Factors of Emotional Experience and Their Relation to the Five-Factor Model
Journal of Personality (1992)
  • David Watson, University of Iowa
  • Lee A Clark
Abstract

In this article we investigate relations between general and specific measures of self-rated affect and markers of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. Replicating previous research, we found strong and pervasive associations between Neuroticism, its facets, and the various negative affects; and between Extraversion, its facets, and the positive affects. Conscientiousness also had a significant, independent relation with general positive affect, but this effect was entirely due to the specific affect of attentiveness, which was more strongly related to Conscientiousness than Extraversion. Conversely, only the achievement facet of Conscientiousness correlated broadly with the positive affects. Finally, hostility had a strong independent association with (low) Agreeableness. The results for Neuroticism and Extraversion further clarify the temperamental basis of these higher order trait dimensions; whereas those obtained for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness illustrate the importance of examining personality-affect relations at the lower order level.

Disciplines
Publication Date
June, 1992
Citation Information
David Watson and Lee A Clark. "On Traits and Temperament: General and Specific Factors of Emotional Experience and Their Relation to the Five-Factor Model" Journal of Personality Vol. 60 Iss. 2 (1992)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/lee_anna_clark/23/