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Temperament, personality, and the mood and anxiety disorders.
Journal of Abnormal Psychology (1994)
  • Lee A Clark
  • David Watson, University of Iowa

Reviews the literature on temperament, personality, and mood and anxiety disorders. The review is organized primarily around L. A. Clark and D. Watson's (1991) tripartite model for these disorders, but other influential approaches are also examined. Negative affectivity (or neuroticism) appears to be a vulnerability factor for the development of anxiety and depression, indicates poor prognosis, and is itself affected by the experience of disorder. Positive affectivity (or extraversion) is related more specifically to depression, may be a risk factor for its development, suggests poor prognosis, and also may be affected by the experience of disorder. Other personality dimensions (e.g., anxiety sensitivity, attributional style, sociotropy or dependency, autonomy or self-criticism, and constraint) may constitute specific vulnerability factors for particular disorders. It is suggested that more longitudinal and measurement-based research that jointly examines anxiety and depression is needed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)

  • temperament & personality & mood & anxiety disorders,
  • literature review
Publication Date
February, 1994
Citation Information
Lee A Clark and David Watson. "Temperament, personality, and the mood and anxiety disorders." Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol. 103 Iss. 1 (1994)
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