Skip to main content
Adventism's First Black Family
Adventist Review (2011)
  • Lawrence W. Onsager, Andrews University
  • James R. Nix

Achieving a historic first is rarely easy. But achieving several such firsts is nothing short of newsworthy. Such is the legacy of the William J. Hardy family of Michigan, Adventism’s first African-American church members. In addition to the family’s being the first Black Seventh-day Adventists (despite their current anonymity), William Hardy is credited with being the first Black man elected to public office in Michigan, and Eugene, William’s son, was the first Black to graduate from high school in Michigan.

  • William J. Hardy,
  • Eliza Watts,
  • Joseph B. Frisbie,
  • Kent County,
  • Michigan,
  • Caledonia Seventh-day Adventist Church,
  • Gaines Seventh-day Adventist Church,
  • John Byington
Publication Date
February 24, 2011
Citation Information
Lawrence W. Onsager and James R. Nix. "Adventism's First Black Family" Adventist Review Vol. 188 Iss. 6 (2011)
Available at: