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Article
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Prepositioning Policies in Response to Natural Disasters
International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems (2012)
  • Jarrett Chapman
  • Lauren B Davis
  • Funda Samanlioglu, Kadir Has University
  • Xiuli Qu
Abstract
Recent natural disasters highlight the complexities associated with planning, coordination and distribution of supplies in a manner which provides timely and effective response. In this paper, we present a model to quantify the benefits associated with pre-positioning local supplies. We assume the supplies are in a high-risk location and may be destroyed if an appropriate strategy to protect the supplies is not implemented. A stochastic linear programming model is developed where the first-stage decision pre-positions existing supplies to minimize the supply loss. Second-stage decisions attempt to maximize the responsiveness of the system by allocating supplies to satisfy demand. The benefits associated with pre-positioning versus non-pre-positioning are discussed.
Keywords
  • Pre-Positioning,
  • Stochastic Programming,
  • network flow,
  • supply damage,
  • humanitarian relief
Publication Date
2012
Citation Information
Jarrett Chapman, Lauren B Davis, Funda Samanlioglu and Xiuli Qu. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Prepositioning Policies in Response to Natural Disasters" International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems Vol. 2014 Iss. 5 (4) (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/lauren_b_davis/6/