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Police Personnel Challenges After September 11: Anticipating Expanded Duties and a Changing Labor Pool
RAND Corporation Occasional Papers
  • Barbara Raymond
  • Laura J. Hickman, Portland State University
  • Laura J. Miller
  • Jennifer S. Wong
Document Type
Technical Report
Publication Date
  • Police -- Recruiting -- United States,
  • Police administration -- United States,
  • Police -- United States -- Personnel management
Many police departments face ongoing challenges in recruiting and retaining police officers. Heightened concern about terrorist attacks has exacerbated this problem by increasing demands on local law enforcement agencies. To address this problem, the authors, drawing on RAND’s extensive work in military personnel management, identify key lessons that could help develop a force management plan for police agencies focusing on future demand for police personnel and creative sources of supply. This analysis considers changing demands for police services; labor pool qualifications; and possible national and regional efforts to adapt military recruitment strategies for police agencies. The Long Beach Police Department, a metropolitan police department struggling with officer recruitment and retention in the face of increased security-related demands, serves as a case study example offering informative background data about these issues.

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Citation Information
Raymond, Barbara, Laura J. Hickman, Laura L. Miller and Jennifer S. Wong, Police Personnel Challenges After September 11: Anticipating Expanded Duties and a Changing Labor Pool, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, OP-154-RC, 2005. As of January 24, 2014: