Skip to main content
Article
Effects of Delayed NSAID Administration After Experimental Eccentric Contraction Injury – A Cellular and Proteomics Study
PLOS ONE
  • Laura Bond, Boise State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
2-28-2017
Disciplines
Abstract

Background

Acute muscle injuries are exceedingly common and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely consumed to reduce the associated inflammation, swelling and pain that peak 1–2 days post-injury. While prophylactic use or early administration of NSAIDs has been shown to delay muscle regeneration and contribute to loss of muscle strength after healing, little is known about the effects of delayed NSAID use. Further, NSAID use following non-penetrating injury has been associated with increased risk and severity of infection, including that due to group A streptococcus, though the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of delayed NSAID administration on muscle repair and sought mechanisms supporting an injury/NSAID/infection axis.

Methods

A murine model of eccentric contraction (EC)-induced injury of the tibialis anterior muscle was used to profile the cellular and molecular changes induced by ketorolac tromethamine administered 47 hr post injury.

Results

NSAID administration inhibited several important muscle regeneration processes and down-regulated multiple cytoprotective proteins known to inhibit the intrinsic pathway of programmed cell death. These activities were associated with increased caspase activity in injured muscles but were independent of any NSAID effect on macrophage influx or phenotype switching.

Conclusions

These findings provide new molecular evidence supporting the notion that NSAIDs have a direct negative influence on muscle repair after acute strain injury in mice and thus add to renewed concern about the safety and benefits of NSAIDS in both children and adults, in those with progressive loss of muscle mass such as the elderly or patients with cancer or AIDS, and those at risk of secondary infection after trauma or surgery.

Comments

For complete list of authors, please see article.

Copyright Statement

This document was originally published by Public Library of Science (PLOS) in PLOS ONE. This work is provided under a Creative Commons Public Domain 1.0 license. Details regarding the use of this work can be found at: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172486

Citation Information
Laura Bond. "Effects of Delayed NSAID Administration After Experimental Eccentric Contraction Injury – A Cellular and Proteomics Study" PLOS ONE (2017)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/laura-bond/13/