We focus attention on gross flows in the labor market and their role in economic reallocation. Economists distinguish between movements of individuals (gross worker flows) and those associated with businesses (gross job flows). The gross worker flows are accessions (hiring and recalls) and separations (quits, layoffs, retirements, and firings). The gross job flows are creations (increases in the employment of a given business establishment) and destructions (decreases in employment of a given business establishments). In our testimony, we discuss the different flows and the regional variation therein over the last recession.
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