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Avian Repellents: Options, Modes of Action, and Economic Considerations
National Wildlife Research Center Repellents Conference 1995
  • J. Russell Mason, Utah State University, Logan, UT
  • Larry Clark, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
Date of this Version
8-1-1995
Abstract

The present manuscript considers visual, auditory, tactile, chemosensory, and physiologic repellents currently available for use in the United States. Discussion of tactile, chemosensory, and physiologic repellents is emphasized for three reasons. First, these products are preferred by users. Second, application of these substances is regulated by state and federal agencies. Third, only four active ingredients are legally available at the present time. This lack reflects difficulties in obtaining regulatory approval and limited market size.

Citation Information
J. Russell Mason and Larry Clark. "Avian Repellents: Options, Modes of Action, and Economic Considerations" (1995)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/larry_clark/13/