Exploring micro-level antecedents of psychic distancePresented at the EIBA (European International Business Academy) annual conference in Vienna, Austria (2016)
In this paper we challenge the assumption that only dyads (home country of the respondent and host country being evaluated) matter when assessing psychic distance by considering a range of variables stemming from different levels of analysis: macro-level (country-to-country), individual characteristics of the respondents (cultural intelligence, international experience, age, gender), and team properties (age diversity, gender diversity, country diversity) since the setting in which our analysis is set includes global virtual teams [GVTs]. We consider here two dependent variables, as two dimensions of psychic distance: psychic distance as perceived differences (PDR) and psychic distance as perceived difficulties (PDC) and regress country dummies, individual- and team-level variables onto our two dependent variables. Our main results can be summarized as such: first, our analyses show that most country dyads have no significant influence on the assessment of psychic distance (neither as PDR nor PDC); second, PDR and PDC being lowly correlated suggests that our participants did not equate diversity with difficulties, calling for a more positive assessment of distances; third, individual characteristics of the respondents are crucial predictors of psychic distance, especially as perceived difficulties.
- psychic distance,
- global virtual teams,
- cultural differences
Citation InformationLaetitia EM. "Exploring micro-level antecedents of psychic distance" Presented at the EIBA (European International Business Academy) annual conference in Vienna, Austria (2016)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/laetitia_em/4/