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Employing paradoxical intention in the treatment of agoraphobia
Behaviour research and therapy
  • L. Michael Ascher, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
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The present study assessed the efficacy of paradoxical intention in ameliorating the travel restriction of agoraphobics. A combined score indicating proximity to two difficult target locations represented the dependent variable. A multiple baseline across subjects was used with each of two groups of five clients. This was accomplished by sequentially staggering introduction of treatment. At the conclusion of baseline phase. Group A received 6 weeks of gradual exposure followed by paradoxical intention to criterion. Group B received paradoxical intention to criterion immediately after baseline. Results indicated that paradoxical intention produced greater movement toward targets for clients in Group B when compared both with their baseline and with the performance of Group A following an equal period of gradual exposure.


This article was published in Behaviour research and therapy, Volume 19, Issue 6, Pages 533-542.

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Citation Information
L. Michael Ascher. "Employing paradoxical intention in the treatment of agoraphobia" Behaviour research and therapy Vol. 19 Iss. 6 (1981) p. 533 - 542
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