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Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of Zirconium and Hafnium Imido Metalloporphyrins
Inorganic Chemistry
  • Joseph Lyndon Thorman, Iowa State University
  • Ilia A. Guzei, Iowa State University
  • Victor G. Young, Jr., University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
  • L. Keith Woo, Iowa State University
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The zirconium and hafnium porphyrin imido complexes (TTP)MNAriPr [TTP = meso-tetra-p-tolylporphyrinato dianion, M = Zr (1), Hf (2), AriPr = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl] were synthesized from (TTP)MCl2 and 2 equiv of LiNHAriPr. The zirconium imido complex, (TTP)ZrNAriPr, was also obtained from the preformed imido complex Zr(NAriPr)Cl2(THF)2 and (TTP)Li2(THF)2. Treatment of (TTP)HfCl2 with excess LiNH(p-MeC6H4) resulted in the formation of a bis(amido) complex, (TTP)Hf(NH-p-MeC6H4)2 (3), instead of an imido complex. In the presence of excess aniline, 2 formed an equilibrium mixture of bis(amido) compounds, (TTP)Hf(NHPh)(NHAriPr) and (TTP)Hf(NHPh)2. The nucleophilic character of the imido moiety is exhibited by its reaction with tBuNCO, producing isolable N,O-bound ureato metallacycles. The kinetic product obtained with zirconium, (TTP)Zr(η2-NAriPrC(NtBu)O) (4a), isomerized to (TTP)Zr(η2-NtBuC(NAriPr)O) (4b) in solution. Upon being heated to 80 °C, 4a produced the carbodiimide AriPrNCNtBu and a transient Zr(IV) oxo complex. The analogous hafnium complex (TTP)Hf(η2-NAriPrC(NtBu)O) (5a) did not eject the carbodiimide upon heating to 110 °C but isomerized to (TTP)Hf(η2-NtBuC(NAriPr)O) (5b). To support the formulation of 4a and 5a as N,O bound, the complex (TTP)Hf(η2-NAriPrC(NAriPr)O) (6) was studied by variable-temperature NMR spectroscopy. The corresponding thio- and selenoureato metallacycles were not isolable in the reaction between 1 and 2 with tBuNCS and tBuNCSe. Concomitant formation of the metallacycle with decomposition to the carbodiimide, AriPrNCNtBu, reflects the lower C−Ch bond strength in the proposed N,Ch-bound metallacycles. Treatment of 2 with 1,3-diisopropylcarbodiimide resulted in the η2-guanidino complex (TTP)Hf(η2-NAriPrC(NiPr)NiPr) (7a), which isomerized to the less sterically crowded isomer (TTP)Hf(η2-NiPrC(NAriPr)NiPr) (7b). Complexes 1, 2, 4a, 4b, and7a were characterized by X-ray crystallography. The monomeric terminal imido compounds, 1and 2, are isomorphous:  M−Nimido distances of 1.863(2) Å (Zr) and 1.859(2) Å (Hf); M−Nimido−C angles of 172.5(2)° (Zr) and 173.4(2)° (Hf). The structures of the ureato complexes 4aand 4b and the guanidino complex 7a exhibit typical alkoxido and amido bond distances (Zr−N = 2.1096(13) Å (4a), 2.137(3) Å (4b); Zr−O = 2.0677(12) Å (4a), 2.066(3) Å (4b); Hf−N = 2.087(2) Å, 2.151(2) Å (7a)).

Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Inorganic Chemistry 38 (1999): 3814, doi:10.1021/ic981399j. Copyright 1999 American Chemical Society.

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Joseph Lyndon Thorman, Ilia A. Guzei, Victor G. Young and L. Keith Woo. "Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of Zirconium and Hafnium Imido Metalloporphyrins" Inorganic Chemistry Vol. 38 Iss. 17 (1999) p. 3814 - 3824
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