Application of and Responses to the Responsibility to Protect Norm at the Regional and Subregional Levels in Africa: Lessons for ImplementationThe Stanley Foundation (2011)
AbstractThis paper contributes to discussion on moving the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norm from concept to action by exploring how such shifts can be made from regional and subregional perspectives. We argue that recent events in Africa and the responses and actions of its major multilateral actor, the African Union (AU), and one of its regional economic communities, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), indicate the urgent the need for regional and subregional actors to lead in the implementation of this norm due to chronic instability that threatens populations in the African region. We further argue that implementing R2P should be based on a carefully structured set of criteria anchored in broad-based constituencies at the regional, subregional, national and local levels. These criteria include, but are not limited to: (a) high level of awareness and knowledge of the R2P norm and what it seeks to accomplish on behalf of the general public, civil society and the academic and policy communities; (b) the extent to which the R2P norm is enshrined in (sub)regional documents; (c) the availability of (sub)regional capacity to elicit compliance from rogue or recalcitrant member states; and (d) political will at the regional and subregional levels to implement the norm.
Citation InformationEmmanuel Kwesi Aning and Samuel Atuobi. "Application of and Responses to the Responsibility to Protect Norm at the Regional and Subregional Levels in Africa: Lessons for Implementation" The Stanley Foundation (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kwesi_aning/37/