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Investing in Peace and Security in Africa: The Case of ECOWAS Emmanuel Kwesi Aning
Conflict, Security & Development (2004)
  • Emmanuel Kwesi Aning
This paper argues that, by investing in good governance and democratisation—two factors fundamental to West African security—ECOWAS is also contributing to sub-regional peace and stability. An inclusive approach is needed to forge effective relationships between governance and security in West Africa. ECOWAS has designed a strategic framework that identifies priority areas for conflict management. At issue, though, is its capacity to confront and deal with issues that straddle security, peace, good governance, and democratisation. This paper analyses the dynamics of ECOWAS’s security-sector reforms. The perception that the security sector itself is still a major source of insecurity in West Africa is widespread. Ensuring democratic control and oversight of security forces remains a central challenge. The paper identifies some of the processes needed to create a more responsive security sector. The first section reviews the configuration of the security sector in West Africa and its multiple dilemmas. The second section examines the institution-building attempts initiated by ECOWAS since 1991. The third section examines institutional processes at the community level, especially the work of the Community Parliament, to ensure peace and stability. The fourth section explores some emerging difficulties between these community-level approaches and the various member-state governments, and the fifth section concludes.
  • ecowas,
  • economic security,
  • democratization,
  • security reform
Publication Date
December, 2004
Citation Information
Emmanuel Kwesi Aning. "Investing in Peace and Security in Africa: The Case of ECOWAS Emmanuel Kwesi Aning" Conflict, Security & Development Vol. 4 Iss. 3 (2004)
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