The federal government’s adoption of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 represented a radical statutory departure from past policy. Coastal oil spill control provisions that had languished for decades within the industry friendly confines of a few select congressional subcommittees suddenly became law. Much popular belief credits the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill crisis for bringing about this radical policy change. Closer examination reveals that post-crisis policy change is much more complex. Crisis events intermingle with other short and long-term factors that either inhibit or support dramatic change. This study analyses change within the coastal spill arena over several decades. Particular attention is given to crisis episodes; periods identified with a major catastrophe or a successive series of attention getting spills over a brief time. Analysis finds that crises can play an instrumental role in eliciting change.
- policy change,
- Oil Pollution Act 1990,
- marine pollution,
- crisis management
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kurtz1rs/7/