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Measurement and Analysis of ‘Small’ Packages in Next-day Air Shipments
Packaging Technology and Science
  • Sher Paul Singh, Michigan State University
  • Jay Singh, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
  • K. C. Chiang, Michigan State University
  • K. Saha, Michigan State University
Publication Date
Packaged goods are shipped globally using various means of transportation. Over the past two decades, there has been a continuous increase in studies that measure and analyze dynamic events that occur to packages during transportation and handling. These data offer useful information to design and test packages, and provide protection from potential hazards like drops and impacts. However, none of the past studies are directed towards single packages regarded as 'smalls'. 'Smalls' or small-package product systems are defined as those with volume of less than 0.013 m3, a longest dimension of 0.356 m and a weight of 4.54 kg or less. Packages that qualify for these specifications are often mixed together in a large carrying bag and handled with other single parcel shipments. This study measured and analyzed the effect of moving this category of single packages through expedited shipments in the USA. The results showed that these packages experienced as many as 27 events comprising of drops or tosses in a one-way shipment, and a maximum of 5.01 m of near-zero G travel distance representing long tosses.
Citation Information
Sher Paul Singh, Jay Singh, K. C. Chiang and K. Saha. "Measurement and Analysis of ‘Small’ Packages in Next-day Air Shipments" Packaging Technology and Science Vol. 23 Iss. 1 (2010) p. 1 - 9
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