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Article
Measurement, Analysis and Comparison of Drops Experienced by Packages in Inter-State and Intra-State Next Day Shipments in United States
Journal of Applied Packaging Research
  • K. Saha, Michigan State University
  • Jay A. Singh, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
  • S. P. Singh, Michigan State University
Publication Date
4-1-2010
Abstract

Several past studies have been conducted for the purpose of measuring and analyzing the dynamics of single package shipping environment for the next day delivery services provided by companies including DHL, FedEx, UPS and USPS. Over the past few decades increased shipping hazard evaluations using data recorders has influenced protective package designs to offer optimized product protection due to a better understanding of the distribution environment. This study analyzes the drops sustained by packages during next day shipments within California (intra-state) using two different carriers—FedEx and OnTrac andwithin United States for shipments to two different regions in east and west (inter-state). This study established that the intra-state drop heights experienced by the packages exceeded the current levels recommended for inter-state distribution by international standards like ISO, ISTA and ASTM.

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Citation Information
K. Saha, Jay A. Singh and S. P. Singh. "Measurement, Analysis and Comparison of Drops Experienced by Packages in Inter-State and Intra-State Next Day Shipments in United States" Journal of Applied Packaging Research Vol. 4 Iss. 2 (2010) p. 95 - 106
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ksaha/5/