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Article
Gender Specific Disruptions in Emotion Processing in Younger Adults with Depression
Depression and Anxiety
  • Sara L. Wright, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Scott Aaron Langenecker, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Patricia J. Deldin, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Lisa J. Rapport, Wayne State University
  • Kristy A. Nielson, Marquette University
  • Allison M. Kade, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Lawrence S. Own, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Huda Akil, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Elizabeth A. Young, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
  • Jon-Kar Zubieta, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
Document Type
Article
Language
eng
Format of Original
8 p.
Publication Date
2-1-2009
Publisher
Wiley
Original Item ID
doi: 10.1002/da.20502; PubMed Central: PMCID 3013355
Disciplines
Abstract

Background: One of the principal theories regarding the biological basis of major depressive disorder (MDD) implicates a dysregulation of emotion-processing circuitry. Gender differences in how emotions are processed and relative experience with emotion processing might help to explain some of the disparities in the prevalence of MDD between women and men. This study sought to explore how gender and depression status relate to emotion processing. Methods: This study employed a 2 (MDD status) × 2 (gender) factorial design to explore differences in classifications of posed facial emotional expressions (N=151). Results: For errors, there was an interaction between gender and depression status. Women with MDD made more errors than did nondepressed women and men with MDD, particularly for fearful and sad stimuli (Ps Ps P=.01). Men with MDD, conversely, performed similarly to control men (P=.61). Conclusions: These results provide novel and intriguing evidence that depression in younger adults (years) differentially disrupts emotion processing in women as compared to men. This interaction could be driven by neurobiological and social learning mechanisms, or interactions between them, and may underlie differences in the prevalence of depression in women and men. Depression and Anxiety, 2009. Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Comments

Accepted version. Depression and Anxiety, Vol. 26, No. 2 (February 2009): 182-189. DOI. © Wiley. Used with permission.

Citation Information
Sara L. Wright, Scott Aaron Langenecker, Patricia J. Deldin, Lisa J. Rapport, et al.. "Gender Specific Disruptions in Emotion Processing in Younger Adults with Depression" Depression and Anxiety (2009) ISSN: 1091-4269
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kristy_nielson/32/