Grandparental help, that provided by older individuals to adult children and grandchildren, is of theoretical interest and practical relevance, but has primarily been explored in high-income contexts. Using data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (N=21,007), we explore a) the predictors of grandparental help in a society transitioning both demographically and economically, and b) whether grandparental help depends on the need of the children and grandchildren receiving the help. Our results show that married grandparents and lone grandmothers provide help based on the need of adult children and grandchildren, whereas lone grandfathers’ ability to provide is a more important predictor. Further, we find that maternal grandparents tend to provide more help than paternal, but that the predictors of grandparental help are quite similar for both types of grandparent. Even though Indonesia does not have social welfare programs, the patterns of grandparental help are similar to those from high-income contexts.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kristin_snopkowski/4/