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Article
Food insecurity and health: data from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
  • Emily A. Wang, Yale University
  • Kathleen A. McGinnis, VA Connecticut Healthcare System
  • Joseph Goulet, Yale University
  • Kendall J. Bryant, National Institute of Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse
  • Cynthia Gibert, George Washington University
  • David A. Leaf, University of California - Los Angeles
  • Kristin M. Mattocks, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Lynn E. Fiellin, Yale University
  • Nicholas Vogenthaler, Emory University
  • Amy Justice, Yale University
  • David A. Fiellin, Yale University
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Date
5-1-2015
Document Type
Article
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity may be a modifiable and independent risk factor for worse control of medical conditions, but it has not been explored among veterans. We determined the prevalence of, and factors independently associated with, food insecurity among veterans in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS). METHODS: Using data from VACS from 2002-2008, we determined the prevalence of food insecurity among veterans who have accessed health care in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) as defined by "concern about having enough food for you or your family in the past month." We used multivariable logistic regression to determine factors independently associated with food insecurity and tests of trend to measure the association between food insecurity and control of hypertension, diabetes, HIV, and depression. RESULTS: Of the 6,709 veterans enrolled in VACS, 1,624 (24%) reported being food insecure. Food insecurity was independently associated with being African American, earning <$25,000/year, recent homelessness, marijuana use, and depression. Being food insecure was also associated with worse control of hypertension, diabetes, HIV, and depression (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Food insecurity is prevalent and associated with worse control of medical conditions among veterans who have accessed care in the VA.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Public Health Rep. 2015 May-Jun;130(3):261-8.
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
25931630
Citation Information
Emily A. Wang, Kathleen A. McGinnis, Joseph Goulet, Kendall J. Bryant, et al.. "Food insecurity and health: data from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study" Vol. 130 Iss. 3 (2015) ISSN: 0033-3549 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kristin_mattocks/56/