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Assessment of HIV testing among young methamphetamine users in Muse, Northern Shan State, Myanmar
Health Promotion and Policy Faculty Publication Series
  • Yu Mon Saw, Nagoya University/ University of Tokyo
  • Krishna C Poudel, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  • Nang Pann Ei Kham, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Nyein Chan, Defence Services Medical Research Centre
  • Jessica E Cope, University of Tokyo
  • Kyi Mar Wai, University of Tokyo
  • Soe Tun, University of Medicine
  • Thu Nandar Saw, University of Tokyo
Publication Date


Methamphetamine (MA) use has a strong correlation with risky sexual behaviors, and thus may be triggering the growing HIV epidemic in Myanmar. Although methamphetamine use is a serious public health concern, only a few studies have examined HIV testing among young drug users. This study aimed to examine how predisposing, enabling and need factors affect HIV testing among young MA users. Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2013 in Muse city in the Northern Shan State of Myanmar. Using a respondent-driven sampling method, 776 MA users aged 18-24 years were recruited. The main outcome of interest was whether participants had ever been tested for HIV. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were applied in this study. Results

Approximately 14.7% of young MA users had ever been tested for HIV. Significant positive predictors of HIV testing included predisposing factors such as being a female MA user, having had higher education, and currently living with one’s spouse/sexual partner. Significant enabling factors included being employed and having ever visited NGO clinics or met NGO workers. Significant need factors were having ever been diagnosed with an STI and having ever wanted to receive help to stop drug use. Conclusions

Predisposing, enabling and need factors were significant contributors affecting uptake of HIV testing among young MA users. Integrating HIV testing into STI treatment programs, alongside general expansion of HIV testing services may be effective in increasing HIV testing uptake among young MA users.

UMass Amherst Open Access Policy
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Citation Information
Yu Mon Saw, Krishna C Poudel, Nang Pann Ei Kham, Nyein Chan, et al.. "Assessment of HIV testing among young methamphetamine users in Muse, Northern Shan State, Myanmar" Vol. 14 (2014)
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