Vaginal bacteriome of Nigerian women in health and disease: A study with 16S rRNA metagenomicsTropical Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology (2019)
Introduction: The argument on what bacteria make up healthy vagina and bacterial vaginosis (BV) remain unresolved. Black women most often are placed in grade IV vaginal communities as lacking Lactobacillus-dominated microbes. We sought to determine the vaginal microbiota compositions of healthy and those with BV using 16S rRNA metagenomics methods.
Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight women provided vaginal swabs for Nugent scoring. Fifteen had BV (Nugent score 7–10), whereas 13 were normal (Nugent score 0–3). DNA was extracted and 16S rRNA V4 region amplified using custom bar-coded primers prior to sequencing with MiSeq platform. Sequence reads were imported into Illumina BaseSpace Metagenomics pipeline for 16S rRNA recognition. Distribution of taxonomic categories at different levels of resolution was done using Greengenes databases. Manhattan principal component analysis was used for similarity clustering.
Results: Non-BV subjects were colonized by 12 taxonomic phyla that represent 182 genera and 357 species. Overall, 23 phyla representing 388 genera and 805 species were identified in BV subjects. Firmicutes represented 95% of the sequence reads in non-BV subjects with Lactobacillus-dominated genera and Lactobacillus crispatus–dominated species, followed by Proteobacteria (3.78%), Actinobacteria (0.74%), and Bacteriodetes (0.05%). In BV subjects, Firmicutes represented 59% of the classified sequence reads, followed by Bacteroidetes (19%), Actinobacteria (15.8%), Fusobacteria (4.08%), Proteobacteria (1.48%), and Tenericutes (1.25%).
Conclusion: Non-BV healthy Black African, Nigerian women had Lactobacillus genera as the predominant microbiota, contrary to published reports. The study shows that BV subjects had varying proportions of diverse bacteria similar to studies from other parts of the world.
- Metagenomics; Nigerian women; vaginal microbiome.
Publication DateSpring April 17, 2019
Citation InformationAnukam K C, Agbakoba N R, Okoli A C, Oguejiofor C B. Vaginal bacteriome of Nigerian women in health and disease: A study with 16S rRNA metagenomics. Trop J Obstet Gynaecol 2019;36:96-104 Anukam K C, Agbakoba N R, Okoli A C, Oguejiofor C B. Vaginal bacteriome of Nigerian women in health and disease: A study with 16S rRNA metagenomics. Trop J Obstet Gynaecol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 8];36:96-104. Available from: http://www.tjogonline.com/text.asp?2019/36/1/96/256478
Creative Commons license
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-NC-SA International License.