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Article
Prize-based contingency management for the treatment of substance abusers: a meta-analysis
Addiction (2014)
  • Lois A. Benishek, University of Pennsylvania
  • Karen L. Dugosh, University of Pennsylvania
  • Kimberly C. Kirby, Rowan University
  • Jason Matejkowksi
  • Nicolle T. Clements
  • Brittany L. Seymour
  • David S. Festinger
Abstract
Aim
To review randomized controlled trials to assess efficacy of a prize-based contingency management procedure in reducing substance use (where a drug-free breath or urine sample provides a chance of winning a prize).
Methods
A meta-analysis was conducted on papers published from January 2000 to February 2013 to determine the effect size of studies comparing prize-based contingency management to a treatment-as-usual control condition (k = 19 studies). Parallel analyses evaluated the efficacy of both short- (k = nine studies) and long-term outcomes (k = six studies) of prize-based contingency management.
Results
The average end-of-treatment effect size (Cohen's d) was 0.46 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.37, 0.54]. This effect size decreased at the short-term (≤3-month) post-intervention follow-up to 0.33 (95% CI = 0.12, 0.54) and at the 6-month follow-up time-point there was no detectable effect [d = −0.09 (95% CI = −0.28, 0.10)].
Conclusion
Adding prize-based contingency management to behavioral support for substance use disorders can increase short-term abstinence, but the effect does not appear to persist to 6 months.
Publication Date
September, 2014
DOI
10.1111/add.12589
Citation Information
Lois A. Benishek, Karen L. Dugosh, Kimberly C. Kirby, Jason Matejkowksi, et al.. "Prize-based contingency management for the treatment of substance abusers: a meta-analysis" Addiction Vol. 109 Iss. 9 (2014) p. 1426 - 1436
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kimberly-kirby/13/