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Article
A Way of Being in the Playroom: Experience-Expression Congruence Model (EECM)
International Journal of Play Therapy (2014)
  • Dee C. Ray, University of North Texas
  • Dr. Kimberly M. Jayne, Portland State University
  • Hayley Stulmaker, University of North Texas
Abstract
Congruence, in conjunction with unconditional positive regard and empathic understanding, is considered one of the fundamental attitudinal conditions that must be internally experienced and externally expressed by play therapists in order to facilitate growth in child-centered play therapy. The experience-expression congruence model (EECM) helps play therapists understand the nature of congruence, recognize the impact of congruence in play-therapy sessions, and intentionally use the therapist’s awareness of congruence to benefit the client. The EECM is a two-phase model that challenges play therapists to consider their own personal levels of authenticity and implications for working with children in play therapy
Keywords
  • Counseling -- Research -- Methodology,
  • Play therapy -- Methodology
Publication Date
2014
DOI
10.1037/a0035512
Publisher Statement
© 2014 American Psychological Association.

*At the time of publication, Kimberly Jayne was affiliated with the University of North Texas.
Citation Information
Dee C. Ray, Kimberly M. Jayne and Hayley Stulmaker. "A Way of Being in the Playroom: Experience-Expression Congruence Model (EECM)" International Journal of Play Therapy Vol. 23 Iss. 1 (2014) p. 18 - 30
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kimberly-jayne/5/