|Present||Associate Professor of Law, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville ‐ School of Law|
Professional Service and Affiliations
|2014 - Present||Member, Annual Conference Organizing Committee||2014 - Present||Member, CVE Conference Steering Committee||2014 - Present||Editor, Islamophobia Studies Journal||2016 - 2018||Board Member, AALS Minority Executive Committee||2016 - 2018||Member, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Michigan Committee||Founding Board Member, Egyptian American Rule of Law Association (EARLA)||Affiliated Faculty, Islamophobia Research & Documentation Project (IRDP)||Member, LAT CRIT||Exec. Board Member, Minority Committee of the Assoc. of American Law Schools (AALS)||Founding and Contributing Member, Race and the Law Prof Blog||Senior Editor, The Islamic Monthly|
Honors and Awards
- James T. Barnes, Professor of the Year Award, 2017
- American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee Advocate of the Year Award, 2017
- AAANY Community Champion Award, 2017
- Professor of the Year, 2015
- Diversity in Education 2016 Emerging Scholar Award
- Muslim Americans & the Law
- Comparative National Security Law
- Islamic Law
- Criminal Law
- Civil Rights
- Civil Rights Seminar
- Critical Race Theory
- Immigration Law
- Constitutional Law
|J.D., concentration in Critical Race Studies, University of California, Los Angeles ‐ School of Law|
|LL.M, concentration on Islamic Law, University of Toronto, Faculty of Law|
|B.A., Political Science and Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor|
Research Works (21)
Bisecting American Islam? Divide, Conquer, and Counter-Radicalization Hastings Law Journal (2018)
The United States Department of State has long employed a sectarian foreign policy strategy to advance its interests in the Mideast. The United States has sided staunchly with Saudi Arabia, the Sunni Muslim superpower in ...
Lone Wolf Terrorism: The Types, Stripes and Double Standards Northwestern University Law Review (2018)
The recent spike in mass shootings, topped by the October 1, 2017, Las Vegas massacre, dubbed the “deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history,” has brought newfound urgency and attention to lone wolf violence and ...
Executive Disorder: Muslim Bans, Emergency Activism and the Fires Next Time Michigan Journal of Race and Law (2017)
On January 27, 2017, one week into his presidency, Donald Trump enacted Executive Order No. 13769, popularly known as the “Muslim Ban.” The Order named seven Muslim-majority nations and restricted, effective immediately, the reentry into ...
“Muslims Bans” and the (Re)Making of Political Islamophobia Illinois Law Review (2017)
Fear and suspicion of Islam, or “Islamophobia,” has occupied center stage on the 2016 presidential campaign. Republican presidential candidates, most notably Donald Trump, have upped the ante on the rhetoric targeting Islam and Muslims, during ...
America, Islam, and Constitutionalism: Muslim American Poverty and the Mounting Police State The Journal of Law and Religion (2016)
Intersectionality alone cannot bring invisible bodies into view. Mere words won't change the way that some people--the less-visible members of political constituencies--must continue to wait for leaders, decision-makers and others to see their struggles.--Kimberlé Crenshaw1Hamtramck ...
Between Indigence, Islamophobia and Erasure: Poor and Muslim in “War on Terror” America California Law Review (2016)
Nearly half of the Muslim American population is interlocked between indigence and “Islamophobia,” or anti-Muslim animus. Of the estimated eight million Muslim Americans, 45 percent of this population earns a household income less than $30,000 ...
Boxed In: Reclassification of Arab Americans on the U.S. Census as Progress or Peril? Loyola University Chicago Law Journal (2016)
The United States Bureau of the Census has proposed a standalone “Middle Eastern or North African” (“MENA”) box for the 2020 census. Deemed white by law since 1944, the 2020 census may afford Arab Americans ...
Divesting from Sectarianism: Reimagining Relations Between Iran and the Arab Gulf States Columbia Journal of International Affairs (2016)
Until recently, Iran has been economically isolated by way of sanctions, preempting investment opportunities with states allied with the United States. However, the Obama administration’s recent effort towards economic normalization with Iran affords it with ...
Islam Incarcerated: Religious Accommodation of Muslim Prisoners Before Holt v. Hobbs University of Cincinnati Law Review (2016)
On January 20, 2015, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the Arkansas Department of Correction’s grooming policy restricting a Muslim inmate from growing a half-inch beard violated the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons ...
Islamophobia: Toward a Legal Definition and Framework Columbia Law Review (2016)
Islamophobia is escalating at a frightening clip in the United States. Scrutiny of this bigotry, presently understood as “fear and suspicion of Muslims,” is rising at an alarming rate. Its rapid rise is reflected in ...
A Demographic Threat? Proposed Reclassification of Arab Americans on the 2020 Census Michigan Law Review (2015)
The proposed reclassification of Arab American identity on the 2020 U.S. Census is not simply a moment of racial progress, but I argue, a mechanism that evidences the state’s interest in obtaining more accurate "macro ...
Antebellum Islam Howard Law Journal (2014)
Muslim-American identity today is deeply conflated with Arab-American identity. This conflation perpetuates stereotypes within legal scholarship, government agencies, and civil rights interventions seeking to combat the marginalization of Muslim Americans – victims of post-9/11 profiling ...
Between Muslim and White: The Legal Construction of Arab-American Identity New York University Annual Survey of American Law (2013)
This Article examines the legal origins of Arab-American identity during the racially restrictive Naturalization Era (1790 through 1952), when whiteness was a prerequisite for American citizenship. Ten of the 53 naturalization hearings during this era ...
Fast-Tracking Women into Parliamentary Seats in the Arab World Southwestern Journal of International Law (2011)
Women are acutely underrepresented in the parliaments of Arab states. The author advocates gender quotas throughout the Arab region as a means to mandate women's participation in previously male-monopolized halls of power. Quotas will help ...
Laicité, Liberalism and the Headscarf Journal of Islamic Law and Culture (2008)
In 2004, legislation was passed in France that effectively banned the ostentatious display of religious symbols in the public sphere. The 2004 law, which came to be known as the “headscarf ban”, also formally proscribed ...
Without Color of Law: The Losing Race Against Colorblindness in Michigan Michigan Journal of Race & Law (2007)
This article focuses on the campaign to uphold affirmative action in Michigan against a copycat ballot initiative that ultimately abolished it. The author, a key organizer in the defense of affirmative action campaign, offers intimate ...
The Trafficking of Domestic Workers into Lebanon Berkeley Journal of International Law (2006)
This article examines the trafficking of Ethiopian domestic workers into Lebanon. Since 1989, the number of domestic workers from Ethiopia trafficked into Lebanon has skyrocketed. The majority of these domestic workers are neither extended protection ...
Dar Al-Islam Meets Islam as Civilization UCLA Journal of Islamic and Near Eastern Law (2005)
This article counters scholarly and popular assessments that mis-illustrate Islam as a monolith. By highlighting the diverse, distinct and oft conflicting legal schools of thought within Islam, sweeping classifications that reduce Islam into one consolidated ...