This chapter reflects recent scholarship in the twentieth-century history of immigrants and racial and ethnic relations in California. It will deal mostly with the experiences of individual groups, although it will note similarities and differences among the groups and their experiences. Mexicans were “inbetween people” in California before World War II. Many Anglo Americans treated Mexicans as members of a distinct and inferior race. Federal officials, judges, and some local officials, however, classified Mexicans as “white.” World War II, which many Americans believed was a war against Hitler's racial ideology, undermined the ideological and rhetorical foundations of white supremacy in California. Many Californians from a variety of ethnic and cultural backgrounds also expressed anger at the continuing immigration from Asia and Latin America. Instead, the presence of immigrants and a range of racial and ethnic groups continues to provoke often heated debate among many of the state's residents.
- Racial ideology,
- World War II
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kevin_leonard/12/