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Cardiovascular adenosine receptors: Expression, actions and interactions
Pharmacology & Therapeutics
  • John Patrick Headrick, Griffith University
  • Kevin Ashton, Bond University
  • Roselyn B Rose'Meyer, Griffith University
  • Jason N Peart, Griffith University
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Journal Article
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John P. Headrick, J.P., Ashton, K.J., Rose'Meyer, R.B., & Peart, J.N. (2013). Cardiovascular adenosine receptors: Expression, actions and interactions. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, available online 10 June 2013

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© Copyright Elsevier B.V., 2013

Intra- and extracellular adenosine levels rise in response to physiological stimuli and with metabolic/energetic perturbations, inflammatory challenge and tissue injury. Extracellular adenosine engages members of the G-protein coupled adenosine receptor (AR) family to mediate generally beneficial acute and adaptive responses within all constituent cells of the heart. In this way the four AR sub-types—A1, A2A, A2B, and A3Rs—regulate myocardial contraction, heart rate and conduction, adrenergic control, coronary vascular tone, cardiac and vascular growth, inflammatory–vascular cell interactions, and cellular stress-resistance, injury and death. The AR sub-types exert both distinct and overlapping effects, and may interact in mediating these cardiovascular responses. The roles of the ARs in beneficial modulation of cardiac and vascular function, growth and stress-resistance render them attractive therapeutic targets. However, interactions between ARs and with other receptors, and their ubiquitous distribution throughout the body, can pose a challenge to the implementation of site- and target-specific AR based pharmacotherapy. This review outlines cardiovascular control by adenosine and the AR family in health and disease, including interactions between AR sub-types within the heart and vessels.
Citation Information
John Patrick Headrick, Kevin Ashton, Roselyn B Rose'Meyer and Jason N Peart. "Cardiovascular adenosine receptors: Expression, actions and interactions" Pharmacology & Therapeutics Vol. online 10 June 2013 (2013) ISSN: 1879-016X
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