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Article
Speech and Gesture in Classroom Interaction: A Case Study of Angola and Portugal
Revista Internacional de Lenguas Extranjeras (2015)
  • Kerwin A. Livingstone, Universidade do Porto
Abstract
One of the principal reasons why human beings use language is to communicate. When they speak, however, they do not do so mechanically or robotically. There is usually a synergy between the speech act and certain parts of the body. As spoken utterances are produced, these body parts move, producing body actions that are visible, known as ‘visible bodily actions’. These visible bodily actions are done, using different body parts. The movement of the upper limbs are known as ‘gestures’. These gestures are more directly linked to speech. Regardless of their age, nationality, culture, background, or ethnicity, human beings gesture naturally and pervasively when they speak. These movements reveal quite a lot about their thoughts, objectives, beliefs, and interests, among others. In light of the afore-mentioned, this research seeks to compare descriptively speech and gesture in two different contexts with two different didactic methods (Angola and Portugal). Video footages of the interactional contexts - with teenage children and teachers - are reviewed and a general comparative descriptive analysis is realised. Using the ELAN Software, a 30 second microanalysis is done for each of the interactional contexts. Concluding remarks are presented, based on the study conducted.       
Keywords
  • speech,
  • gesture,
  • utterance,
  • body movement,
  • visible bodily action.
Publication Date
December, 2015
Citation Information
Kerwin A. Livingstone. "Speech and Gesture in Classroom Interaction: A Case Study of Angola and Portugal" Revista Internacional de Lenguas Extranjeras Vol. 4 (2015) p. 65 - 96
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kerwin_livingstone/60/