Managing depression in primary careThe College of Family Physicians of Canada (2006)
To investigate family physicians' practice patterns for managing depression and mental health concerns among adolescent and adult patients.
London, Ont, a mid-sized Canadian city.
One hundred sixty-three family physicians identified through the London and District Academy of Medicine.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Practice patterns for managing depression, including screening, pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, shared care, and training needs.
Response rate was 63%. Family physicians reported spending a substantial portion of their time during patient visits (26% to 50%) addressing mental health issues, with depression being the most common issue (51% to 75% of patients with mental health issues). About 40% of respondents did routine mental health screening, and 60% screened patients with risk factors for depression. Shared care with mental health professionals was common (care was shared for 26% to 50% of patients). Physicians and patients were moderately satisfied with shared care, but were frustrated by long waiting lists and communication barriers. Most physicians provided psychotherapy to patients in the form of general advice. Differences in practice patterns were observed; physicians treated more adults than adolescents with depression, and they reported greater comfort in treating adults. Although 33% of physicians described using cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), they reported having little training in CBT. Moderate interest was expressed in CBT training, with a preference for a workshop format.
Although 40% of family physicians routinely screen patients for mental health issues, depression is often not detected. Satisfaction with shared care can be increased through better communication with mental health professionals. Physicians' management of adolescent patients can be improved by further medical training, consultation, and collaboration with mental health professionals. Training in evidence-based treatment of depression is particularly warranted given physicians' limited knowledge of CBT.
Citation InformationKerry Collins, Vicky V Wolfe, Sandra Fisman, JoAnne DePace, et al.. "Managing depression in primary care" The College of Family Physicians of Canada (2006)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kerry-collins/2/