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Article
Aggregation of Montmorillonite and Organic Matter in Aqueous Media Containing Artificial Seawater
Geochemical Transactions
  • Yoko Furukawa, Stennis Space Center
  • Janet L. Watkins, Stennis Space Center
  • Jinwook Kim, Yonsei University
  • Kenneth J. Curry, University of Southern Mississippi
  • Richard H. Bennett, SEAPROBE, Inc.
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-23-2009
Abstract

Background

The dispersion-aggregation behaviors of suspended colloids in rivers and estuaries are affected by the compositions of suspended materials (i.e., clay minerals vs. organic macromolecules) and salinity. Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the dispersion and aggregation mechanisms of suspended particles under simulated river and estuarine conditions. The average hydrodynamic diameters of suspended particles (representing degree of aggregation) and zeta potential (representing the electrokinetic properties of suspended colloids and aggregates) were determined for systems containing suspended montmorillonite, humic acid, and/or chitin at the circumneutral pH over a range of salinity (0 – 7.2 psu). Results

The montmorillonite-only system increased the degree of aggregation with salinity increase, as would be expected for suspended colloids whose dispersion-aggregation behavior is largely controlled by the surface electrostatic properties and van der Waals forces. When montmorillonite is combined with humic acid or chitin, the aggregation of montmorillonite was effectively inhibited. The surface interaction energy model calculations reveal that the steric repulsion, rather than the increase in electronegativity, is the primary cause for the inhibition of aggregation by the addition of humic acid or chitin. Conclusion

These results help explain the range of dispersion-aggregation behaviors observed in natural river and estuarine systems. It is postulated that the composition of suspended particles, specifically the availability of steric polymers such as those contained in humic acid, determine whether the river suspension is rapidly aggregated and settled or remains dispersed in suspension when it encounters increasingly saline environments of estuaries and oceans.

Comments
Originally published in: Geochemical Transactions (2009) 10:2 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2654465/

For more information, visit Dr. Curry's SelectedWorks page.

Subjects
Citation Information
Yoko Furukawa, Janet L. Watkins, Jinwook Kim, Kenneth J. Curry, et al.. "Aggregation of Montmorillonite and Organic Matter in Aqueous Media Containing Artificial Seawater" Geochemical Transactions Vol. 10 Iss. 2 (2009)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kenneth_curry/7/